Elections are the indispensable root of democracy. Opposition organizations must be free to organize and campaign without fear. Elections measure citizens’ perceptions of their leaders, but elections that don’t work not only obscure citizens’ views, they reveal fundamental cracks in a country’s accountability.
When the electorate believes that elections have been free and fair, they can be a powerful catalyst for better governance, greater security and human development. But in the absence of credible elections, citizens have no recourse to peaceful political change. The risk of conflict increases while corruption, intimidation, and fraud go unchecked, rotting the entire political system slowly from within.
The healthy societies are built on three pillars:
- Peace and security
- Economic development
- The rule of law and respect for human rights.
International donor organizations like DFID, USAID and the World Bank are tracing and investing on monitoring and accountability in the projects. They want to improve evidence based results.
What is Development aid?
Development aid ( development assistance, technical assistance, international aid, overseas aid, official development assistance or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries. It focuses on alleviating poverty in the long term, rather than a short term response.
Aid may be bilateral: given from one country directly to another; or it may be multilateral: given by the donor country to an international organisation such as the World Bank or the United Nations Agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, UNAIDS, etc.) which then distributes it among the developing countries. The proportion is currently about 70% bilateral 30% multilateral.
Why evaluation is important?
There are lot of debates about the evaluating the quality of development aid. Development aid is an important source of investment for poor and often insecure societies, aid’s complexity and the ever expanding budgets leave it vulnerable to corruption. Corruption is very hard to quantify as it is often hard to differentiate it from other problems, such as wastage, mismanagement and inefficiency, to illustrate the point, over $8.75 billion was lost to waste, fraud, abuse and mismanagement in the Hurricane Katrina relief effort.
The Global Partnership, created at the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in 2011, is an inclusive political forum bringing together governments, bilateral and multilateral organisations, civil society and representatives from parliaments and the private sector, committed to strengthening the effectiveness of development co-operation to produce maximum impact for development.
The Global Partnership also tracks progress in the implementation of Busan commitments for more effective development co-operation, through its monitoring framework comprised of a set of 10 indicators, with most targets set for 2015. These indicators focus on strengthening developing country institutions, increasing transparency and predictability of development co-operation, enhancing gender equality, as well as supporting greater involvement of civil society, parliaments and private sector in development efforts.
What is the integrated implementation framework?
The Intergrated Implementation Framework (IIF) records and monitors financial as well as policy commitments made in support of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by UN Member States and other international stakeholders.
TRACKING HIGH-LEVEL COMMITMENTS
In the last decade, the international community has agreed on development priorities and strategies to pursue the MDGs. Each of the MDGs at one time or another has been the focus of financial and policy commitments during:
- General Assembly resolutions
- G8 summits
- G20 summits
- Special initiatives
- High-level task forces
STRENGTHENING ACCOUNTABILITY AND TARGETING FUTURE INTERVENTIONS
The Integrated Implementation Framework (IIF) will contribute to addressing commitment/progress gap situation by providing a tool that pools together all existing information on the international community’s financial and policy commitments to achieving the MDGs. It will serve not only to strengthen accountability, but also to help Member States target their future interventions.
COLLECTING INFORMATION AND FOSTERING DIALOGUE
The IIF collects official commitments made by Member States, UN agencies and other multilateral organisations, non-governmental organizations, civil society and other international actors in official fora. It allows stakeholders to update their commitments, and to provide details of their implementation. The IIF also provides an opportunity for all stakeholders to comment on the actual implementation of the commitments.