Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and its posterity the Internet, are major factors in globalization, generating further interdependence of economic and cultural activities.
Globalization 1.0: Countries and governments were the main protagonist.
Globalization 2.0: Multinational companies led the way in driving global integration.
Globalization 3.0: Individual offer own content in digital format and connection globally.
Teach Yourself to Think Globally
- Observe. Cultivate a curiosity about how places operate. Ask foreign colleagues lots of questions, and don’t assume you know the answers.
- Study. Formal education—in world history, economics, politics, and international business—helps you broaden your perspective. But informal study is important, too: Read international literature, take in foreign films, and so on.
- Open your mind. Understand the importance of bringing out the best in people, regardless of where they hail from or what languages they speak. Respect and explore other cultures, welcome new experiences, and seize opportunities to work with people of other nationalities.
(HBR Management Tip: Adapted from “Join the Global Elite” by Gregory C. Unruh and Angel Cabrera.)